A COLLOSTRUCTIONAL ANALYSIS OF THE DITRANSITIVE CONSTRUCTIONS IN HAKKA: WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO THE HOMETOWN OF BLACK DRONGO
Jui-chuan Yeh / National Tsing Hua University
To see the interaction of lexemes and grammatical constructions associated with them, this paper examines the ditransitive constructions in Hakka in terms of collostructional analysis. The major findings are as follows. First, the V slot in the Type A double object construction prefers verbs of giving. This construction is mainly used to express transfer of objects or verbal messages. Second, except for sung3 ‘to give as a present’, all the verbs statistically significantly preferred in the V slot of the dative construction express precondition of transfer. Third, the only verb that surfaces in the two constructions mentioned above is bun1 ‘to give’. The distinctive collexeme analysis shows that bun1 significantly prefers the former. Fourth, the most strongly associated covarying-collexeme pairs in the give-purposive construction instantiate a relationship between precondition and purpose of transfer. These findings show that raw co-occurrence frequencies are not an ideal measure of association strength. To avoid high frequency effect of function words, the overall frequencies of a given word in the corpus and the exact nature of a given syntactic configuration should be taken into consideration.