「台中腔」—台灣中部華語的聲調特徵及其成因初探 (A PRELIMINARY STUDY OF THE TONAL FEATURES OF CENTRAL TAIWAN MANDARIN)
Khoo, Hui-lu / National Taiwan Normal University
This is a preliminary study of Central Taiwan Mandarin tonal variations, better known as Taichung Qiang, literally Taichung accent, an innovative but neither well-agreed nor well-defined term.Results indicated that the pitch of the high register points of CTM were lowered to semi-high. This lowering further pushed one semi-high register point to mid-register. It was suggested that the pitch lowering of CTM T1 was originally an L1 transfer from certain central Taiwanese dialects. This transfer occurred in as early as not long after WW II but had not been noticed until the 1990s, roughly overlapping with the focusing of Taiwan Mandarin. The late notice of this tonal feature may be partly attributed to the fact that high level tone and mid level tone are not in tonemic relation, and thus not as salient as segment transfers. This study also noticed that the expansion of the reference of CTM. It originally referred only to “a Taiwan Mandarin dialect spoken in Taichung”, but now the reference is expanding to partly overlapping with Taiwanese Mandarin, a term roughly equals non-standard Mandarin in Taiwan.
Key words: Taiwan Mandarin, Central Taiwan Mandarin, Taichung accent, language variation, language contact