COLLOCATION AND SEMANTIC CHANGE－DERIVATION OF EXCESSIVE X-SI
X-si in Chinese has various functions. The study aims to study the excessive X-si construction both diachronically and synchronically. By examining Chinese classical texts, the time that si’s collocation with each type of predicate arose would be given to trace the generation of the excessive meaning of X-si. In addition, the generalization of the construction would be studied to see whether it fits in with human cognitive processes and the natural process of language change. Synchronically, the collocation of the emerging excessive complement with each type of predicate would be checked for the purpose of supporting the generalization of X-si.
Key words: collocation, generalization, X-si construction, excessive complement