台灣語言學期刊

鑽石開放取用期刊(對著作者及讀者皆不收取任何費用)
ISSN: 1729-4649 (print); 1994-2559 (online)

小句整合與句末緩和助詞及勸告助詞的產生

葉鳳霞/ 香港理工大學,王佼/ 香港中文大學,林子鈞/ 香港中文大學
本文提出了漢語中產生句末助詞的不同途徑,並集中討論「小句整合」的策略。本文採用了古漢語中「而已矣」及「也已矣」的歷時證據。本文進一步提供早期現代漢語和當代漢語的例子,以證明小句整合的過程非常強大並具有遞歸性。此過程產生了中文裡許多句子右端的語用標記,對其他語言亦有一定意義。 關鍵字:小句整合、句末助詞、緩和語氣、勸告語氣

CLAUSAL INTEGRATION AND THE EMERGENCE OF MITIGATIVE AND ADHORTATIVE SENTENCE-FINAL PARTICLES IN CHINESE

Foong Ha Yap, Jiao Wang, Charles Tsz-kwan Lam
This paper identifies a number of different pathways that give rise to sentence final particles in Chinese. In particular, it focuses on a strategy referred to as ‘clausal integration’. Diachronic evidence is given for the emergence of sentence final particles er yi yi and ye yi yi in Old Chinese. Additional examples are further provided from Early Modern Chinese and contemporary Chinese to show that the process of clausal integration is a highly robust, recursive process that gives rise to numerous pragmatic markers at the right periphery within the Chinese language, with possible implications for other languages as well. Key words: clausal integration, sentence final particles, mitigative mood, adhortative mood